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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 10, 2017 9:20 pm 
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if there were 'over a dozen' found in that one location, imagine the total quantities existing elsewhere in the HUGE country of siberia. perhaps animals walking over them could cause them to discharge?

we have our own issues in alaska, most prolly yukon & other northern canadian provinces. our permafrost is harboring subterranean methane as well, and the melting is going to exacerbate global warming regardless of anthropological inputs. at least the methane clathrates in the gulf of mexico and worldwide have more temperate thermal changes being in deep waters. they still offer dangerous conditions to those working nearby.

it's a bit frustrating at times. it's good we're trying to clean up our CO2 emissions, but these effects will take time to manifest any global warming changes. at least they will benefit current citizens, flora, & fauna globally re pollution exposure and such. i wish more efforts were put to 'harvesting' the methane pockets we kno exist. limited work has been done to capture methane released from coal mines & other exhaust systems (how's about the exhaust over on rooney road??), but the real mccoy is in the permafrost storage.


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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 11, 2017 8:47 am 
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Stars Are Predicted To Collide In A Stunning “Red Nova” In 2022

In a first, scientists say they can predict stars colliding. And we all can watch.

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Prediction: In 2022 (some 5 years away), two stars {known as KIC 9832227) will collide into one another. That collision will unleash a massive amount of energy. So massive, the two stars — which are now invisible to the naked eye — will increase in brightness by a factor of 10,000.

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And not only will we be able to see this explosion, in real time, with unaided eyes, it will become one of the brightest objects in the entire sky.

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Astronomer Larry Molnar of Calvin College made this prediction at the meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Grapevine, Texas. If he’s right, it will be the first time an astronomer predicted an explosion of two stars merging.

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“We know these things merge, but we really don’t understand what mechanism that causes them to merge,” he said... Molnar’s betting that the stars, located some 1,800 light years away, have already exploded. By 2022 (plus or minus a year), the light from the explosion will finally reach Earth.

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That year, we should be able to see it slowly getting brighter over the course of a few months in the constellation Cygnus (a cross-shaped constellation that lines up neatly with the Milky Way). If he’s right, you’ll be able to look up at the night sky and see this cataclysmic collision for yourself.

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“If the prediction is correct, then for the first time in history, parents will be able to point to a dark spot in the sky and say, ‘Watch, kids, there’s a star hiding in there, but soon it’s going to light up.’” Matt Walhout, a dean at Calvin College, said in a press statement.

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That’s cool. And having a time series of data before, during, and after such an explosion will yield new insights about how solar systems form and evolve.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 11, 2017 9:33 am 
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mtnhsmama wrote:
if there were 'over a dozen' found in that one location, imagine the total quantities existing elsewhere in the HUGE country of siberia. perhaps animals walking over them could cause them to discharge?

we have our own issues in alaska, most prolly yukon & other northern canadian provinces. our permafrost is harboring subterranean methane as well, and the melting is going to exacerbate global warming regardless of anthropological inputs. at least the methane clathrates in the gulf of mexico and worldwide have more temperate thermal changes being in deep waters. they still offer dangerous conditions to those working nearby.

it's a bit frustrating at times. it's good we're trying to clean up our CO2 emissions, but these effects will take time to manifest any global warming changes. at least they will benefit current citizens, flora, & fauna globally re pollution exposure and such. i wish more efforts were put to 'harvesting' the methane pockets we kno exist. limited work has been done to capture methane released from coal mines & other exhaust systems (how's about the exhaust over on rooney road??), but the real mccoy is in the permafrost storage.


No doubt, what you say is true. We probably have as many methane pockets as the Russians do ... and the Canadians. But of course, the article I posted only addressed Siberia.

There seems to be an abundance of methane stored under ground. I don't think we will ever be able to control it totally. It just comes with the earthly package we've inherited. To attempt to fully master it will be a daunting task. But, I'm sure we'll try anyway.

For now, though, science will plod along. I'll settle for the occasional "discovery" and hope for the best.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 12, 2017 8:40 am 
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The World's Busiest Air Route Is Between Seoul And Jeju

If you were to rank the busiest air routes in the world, where would Seoul to the South Korean island of Jeju land on your list?

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If it wouldn't make your list at all, I’m certainly not judging. On air-travel intelligence company OAG's list, however, Seoul to Jeju ranks number one (and in case you're wondering, not a single U.S. route made the top 10). According to Google Flights, approximately 200 flights run in either direction between the two destinations every day. Let's explore why 11 million people made the trip in 2014.

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For being on the world's busiest air route, it might surprise you that 70 percent of Jeju's visitors are actually domestic. The nation's largest island is nicknamed "the Hawaii of South Korea," since Koreans regularly venture to the subtropical province for natural wonders such as a dormant volcano named Hallasan—a site that's also the country's tallest mountain at 1,950 meters (6,400 feet). UNESCO added the island's lava tubes to its World Heritage Site list in 2007, and in 2011, the island was named one of the New 7 Wonders Of Nature. There are also grandfather stones—giant carved statues that echo those on Easter Island—and an island specialty seaweed-and-sea-urchin soup.

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Hallasan

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New 7 Wonders Of Nature

South Koreans also travel from Seoul to watch Jeju's female divers, known as the Haenyo mermaids that I posted about a few days ago. These elderly women dive the depths of the Korea Strait for sea urchins, sea cucumbers, abalone, and squid. They don't use any equipment and can hold their breath for up to two minutes during each dive.

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In addition to South Korean travelers, Chinese tourists flock to Jeju thanks to their visa-free entry requirements. According to Quartz Mediaz, LLC, 1.8 million Chinese tourists made the journey in 2013 alone. Visitors can also enjoy casinos, which are forbidden in China, and a theme park called Loveland, which is full of erotic sculptures (Google at your own risk).

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Hotel/Casino

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However, Jeju Island wasn't always a destination for honeymooners. The island has a less than sunny past due to a violent uprising in 1948 led by Communist sympathizers. This has sparked a form of "dark tourism" to Jeju that brings visitors to pay their respects at the 4.3 Peace Park memorial. There were also recently political protests surrounding plans to build a naval base that a 2013 student article in Scientific American asserted "will harm the environment, way of life, and security of Jeju-do." As of February 2016, the Jeju Cicilia-Military Complex Port opened on the peaceful island with hopes of boosting tourism by introducing a million cruise tourists by 2020.

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New port

Interested in visiting the "Island of the Gods"? I have it on good authority that a flight leaves in 15 minutes.

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In Depth

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 13, 2017 8:26 am 
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Yisrael Kristal, Once The World's Oldest Man, Had His Bar Mitzvah At Age 113

In March 2016, a Polish-born Israeli man named Yisrael Kristal, was declared by Guinness World Records as the oldest living man on Earth.

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2016’s Oldest Man Alive – Yisrael Kristal

Later that same year, Kristal finally got around to something that was put off for a whole century: his bar mitzvah. In November 2016, the 113-year-old man celebrated the Jewish coming-of-age ritual exactly 100 years late. Better (very, very) late than never, huh?

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In 1916 when Kristal was 13, the traditional age to have a bar mitzvah, he didn't get the opportunity to celebrate the occasion—a little thing called World War I prevented it.

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But worse than that is the fact that Kristal lost both of his parents before he the age of 12. Kristal was even placed in the Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II, during which his wife and two children died.

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Fast-forward many years to 2016, and Kristal is a triumphant success story despite having stared into the face of unimaginable hardship throughout his life. The world's oldest man celebrated his bar mitzvah surrounded by two children, nine grandchildren, and 30 great-grandchildren in Haifa, Israel.

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Last edited by Henry on Jan 13, 2017 11:17 am, edited 1 time in total.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 13, 2017 10:41 am 
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Henry wrote:
mtnhsmama wrote:
if there were 'over a dozen' found in that one location, imagine the total quantities existing elsewhere in the HUGE country of siberia. perhaps animals walking over them could cause them to discharge?

we have our own issues in alaska, most prolly yukon & other northern canadian provinces. our permafrost is harboring subterranean methane as well, and the melting is going to exacerbate global warming regardless of anthropological inputs. at least the methane clathrates in the gulf of mexico and worldwide have more temperate thermal changes being in deep waters. they still offer dangerous conditions to those working nearby.

it's a bit frustrating at times. it's good we're trying to clean up our CO2 emissions, but these effects will take time to manifest any global warming changes. at least they will benefit current citizens, flora, & fauna globally re pollution exposure and such. i wish more efforts were put to 'harvesting' the methane pockets we kno exist. limited work has been done to capture methane released from coal mines & other exhaust systems (how's about the exhaust over on rooney road??), but the real mccoy is in the permafrost storage.


No doubt, what you say is true. We probably have as many methane pockets as the Russians do ... and the Canadians. But of course, the article I posted only addressed Siberia.

There seems to be an abundance of methane stored under ground. I don't think we will ever be able to control it totally. It just comes with the earthly package we've inherited. To attempt to fully master it will be a daunting task. But, I'm sure we'll try anyway.

For now, though, science will plod along. I'll settle for the occasional "discovery" and hope for the best.


Don't be alarmed. CH4 has been in those locations since eons ago, but the atmospheric concentration is only 1,7 PPM.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 14, 2017 9:01 am 
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A Subtle Suggestion May Be More Powerful Than Direct Instruction

Indirectly suggesting that someone should do something may be more effective than flat-out telling them what to do. This idea is called the Nudge theory.

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One friend tells you to change your shirt. Another friend says, "You know that green shirt you have? You look great in that shirt." Who's more convincing? If you're reaching for that green shirt, you've been affected by Nudge theory. According to this concept, subtle suggestions are much more effective at influencing behavior than direct instruction.

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For example, telling someone to reduce their energy consumption would be less effective than showing them that their energy consumption is much higher than their neighbors'.

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The idea behind this theory is that direct instruction can be met with frustration, and could prompt someone to behave in a way that is the opposite of what was intended.

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Proponents of direct communication say that "nudging" is mental manipulation. Is it unethical? As reported by The Guardian, "tiny tweaks [nudges] in government communication may increase the success rates of ethnic minority applicants to join the police; can help people to take vital medications; or pay their taxes on time."

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Sincerity or manipulation?

But what about tricksters using nudges for selfish reasons? For example, if you give someone a larger bowl and larger spoon or a larger ice cream cone, they will eat more ice cream, according to a study. While that's in the best interest of ice cream sellers, it's not quite the best thing for your health.

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Making wise, informed decisions is always relevant. As the Economist reports, "The idea of nudging is based on research that shows it is possible to steer people towards better decisions by presenting choices in different ways." But that's only if the Nudge theory is used for good, and not for evil...

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 14, 2017 10:44 am 
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Subliminal suggestion works on the unwary.

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Post Posted: Jan 15, 2017 8:36 am 
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The Triple Point Is When A Substance Can Boil And Freeze At Once

When water is a solid, it's ice. When it's a gas, it's steam. When it's a liquid, it's, well, water. What if I told you that a substance can be all three of those states of matter at once? Yup. This freaky intersection is called the triple point.

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The Triple Point of water

The triple point is a truly mind-mangling concept. A substance at the triple point is simultaneously a liquid, solid, and gas. How does this happen?

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It's all about temperature and pressure. The triple point can be described as the temperature and pressure that puts the three aforementioned states of matter into thermodynamic equilibrium—that is, a condition where no one state of matter is trying to change into any other state. The boiling liquid causes high-energy molecules to rise as a gas, which in turn lowers the temperature of the boiling liquid and makes it freeze. That cycle continues as long as the substance stays at that triple-point temperature and pressure. For water, that triple point is at 32.02°F (0.01°C) and .006 atm. For reference, the Earth's average atmospheric pressure is 1 atm.

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Seeing a substance flirt with the triple point is a little mind-blowing, and would be a really cool party trick. (Oh, you don't go to parties with vacuum chambers?) But the triple point is more than just a freaky science experiment.

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According to the National Physics Laboratory, "triple points make ideal reference points for the calibration of thermometers." Additionally, as reported by the NPL, "Ethylene carbonate has a triple point temperature of 36.315°C which, being close to body temperature, makes it a highly useful reference point for the calibration of clinical thermometers, while benzoic acid has a triple point temperature of 122.33°C, close to the sterilizing temperature of medical drip solutions."

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 15, 2017 8:33 pm 
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so many classes covered this in school, but none were as entertaining & educational. i especially like the pic of the flask of water at TP, and then the video. visuals so much better than the drab text we got! thx!;-)


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Post Posted: Jan 16, 2017 8:37 am 
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Could The Theoretical White Hole Actually Exist?

You may know that a black hole is said to suck matter into a single point of entry. But what if you reversed that formula? A white hole is a theoretical black hole in reverse. But could it actually exist?

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White holes are the unicorns of the universe. They probably don't exist, but they're a fantastical thrill ride to think about. These things are the theoretical opposite of black holes, thought to expel matter from a single point with no entryway. Yes, think about a point in space that is just constantly spewing space junk that literally comes out of nowhere. So why do they (probably) not exist? There would need to be not a single speck of matter within the event horizon for a white hole to form—which isn't very likely, from what we know. White holes break the second law of thermodynamics, because where black holes increase entropy, white holes would decrease entropy.

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What's a crazy-cool physics thing without mention of Albert Einstein?

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One theory that supports the possibility of white holes comes from Einstein's theory of relativity. As PBS reports, "One possibility involves a spinning black hole. According to Einstein's general theory of relativity, the rotation smears the singularity into a ring, making it possible in theory to travel through the swirling black hole without being crushed. General relativity's equations suggest that someone falling into such a black hole could fall through a tunnel in space-time called a wormhole and emerge from a white hole that spits its contents into a different region of space or period of time."

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Don't get your hopes up. Mathematical solutions for white holes exist, but "they're not realistic," Andrew Hamilton, an astrophysicist at the University of Colorado at Boulder. PBS explains, "That is because they describe universes that contain only black holes, white holes and wormholes—no matter, radiation or energy. Indeed, previous research, including Hamilton's, suggests that anything that falls into a spinning black hole will essentially plug up the wormhole, preventing the formation of a passage to a white hole."

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And yet, others postulate that there has only been one white hole in our entire universe: The Big Bang … interesting concept.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Jan 16, 2017 11:54 pm 
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hahA!!! the whitehole - i luv it! realities be damned - there's the fanatastical idea of time travel & such. i like that one statement mentioned that w/ a circular rim the blackhole would not crush you, so to speak. <a prime example of 'data' manipulation - i'm only stating what i remembered & liked and not the complete possible facts.> this fantasy also throws out the radiation etc possibilities (see below). and NO! no such chance of anything into a black hole clogging it up. some scientific observation here - if that were the case we'd hav immense bodies out there, offering thousands of BIG stars getting bigger all the time.

of course, all this some personal reminiscing (sp?) and not a compilation of facts or research of provided material. it's fantasy time after a fact-filled day. ;-)

and did u kno - certain satellite data equipment can be made more radiation resistant by heating to 300K? that is only 26.85C or just over 86 degrees F. this mentioned since much equipment is subject to severe cooling to contradict the friction/solar heat generated in passage from earth to target. so, thinking the anti-crush factor doesn't need to consider radiation unless u factor in the major pressure variables involved. ;-) again, this is a fantasy realm at this point, and i'm in no scientific mode at all rite now.

thx again henry, for keeping the intelligence wires alive. even if they're non-sensical at the moment - at least it drowns out the sometime drudgery of daily living!


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