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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 4, 2017 8:50 am 
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Who Was Otto Lilienthal?

Flying balloons became enormously popular in Europe and the United States. But several Europeans turned their attention to building a heavier-than-air aircraft.

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In 1889, a German named Otto Lilienthal published a book on designing flying machines based on the wings of birds. To test his theories, Lilienthal constructed an artificial hill. From the top, he could leap into the direction of any oncoming wind.

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Otto Lilienthal

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His flights were thrilling but brief. Lilienthal’s gliders were fatally flawed. He tried to steer his craft by shifting his weight, which tended to compound his errors. If the glider jerked upward, Lilienthal swung back, causing the glider to flip over.

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About to crash

But Lilienthal was persistent, and he made more than 2,000 flights in gliders of his own construction. He was killed after a crash in 1896, having failed to produce a stable glider. But his ideas would influence two bicycle makers in Ohio named Orville and Wilbur Wright.

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The Wright Brothers

In Depth

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 4, 2017 8:53 am 
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Cabinguy wrote:
[...] He's still missed by many of his old friends.


... and those who never met him. :(

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 5, 2017 9:14 am 
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That Time Sweden Changed Its Traffic Direction In A Single Day - Dagen H

Meaning literally, “right traffic day,” Dagen Högertrafik, or “Dagen H” (H day), was the day in 1967 that the country of Sweden managed to successfully switch from driving on the left-hand side of the road to the right.

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Not a spur of the moment decision, the Högertrafikomläggningen (“The right hand traffic diversion”) had been planned for years prior to implementation, in recognition of the inherent problems that arose by the fact that among the nations of Continental Europe, Sweden was the only country where people still drove on the left. In addition, the architects of the plan tapped into the widespread perception that having the steering wheel on the left while also driving there caused more head-on collisions.

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Regardless, switching to the right was not a popular idea among Swedes, and when the idea was first floated in 1955, only 17% of the populace approved the change. However, realizing that in the late 1960s nearly 10,000,000 cars would cross Swedish borders one way or another, and knowing that that number was predicted to double by the early 1970s, Swedish leaders decided to make the switch.

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The switch necessitated the replacement or retrofitting of nearly every traffic light, bus (the doors were switched to the right-hand side), bus stop (which had to be moved across the street), road line and headlamp. At the time a trend had begun to arise to have headlamps direct their light to be slightly brighter on one side to illuminate the bordering ditch or sidewalk side of the road better. The rising popularity of this increased the pressure to make the switch sooner than later as those who had these headlamps made for left-hand driving, but driving on right hand roads, would reportedly blind oncoming drivers (with the extra light now shining directly into oncoming traffic instead of the side of the road) and vice-versa as cars crossed the borders. The final cost of Dagen H has been estimated at around £40 million in 1967 money or about £648 million today.

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Traffic lights had to be changed
or retrofitted


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Traffic markings had to be repainted

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Traffic signs had to be relocated or changed

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Headlamp with opaque decal to
block enhanced light


During the preparations for the single-day switch, the new traffic lights and signs were wrapped in black plastic to keep from confusing drivers before the big day, and the road lines, which were painted white instead of the traditional Swedish yellow, were covered in black tape. (One imagines it was a banner year for a certain tape manufacturer.)

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Years of planning resulted in 10 minutes of organized chaos

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In addition, prior to H day 12,000,000 notes and instructions were distributed to citizens, and 130,000 tilted H signs were deployed along Sweden’s roads, to remind drivers of the switch.

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On Sunday, September 3, 1967, for most of the country, all non-essential traffic was banned from 1 to 6 a.m. In these places, at 4:50 a.m., all vehicles that were allowed to drive had to completely stop, and then carefully change to the right-hand side of the road. At precisely 5:00 a.m., traffic was allowed to resume, at which time Swedish drivers experienced what Time magazine called “a brief but monumental traffic jam,” that happily resolved relatively quickly.

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In some of its largest towns, including Stockholm and Malmö, the ban on non-essential traffic began as early as 10 p.m. the night before, and lasted until 4 p.m. that Sunday, in order to give workers time to re-do the intersections. In total, about 8,000 officials and 150,0000 volunteers were deployed that weekend, either to convert traffic signals and lines, keep the peace, or to assist pedestrians at dangerous intersections.

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Anxious to try out the latest thing, hundreds of thousands of drivers poured onto Swedish streets that Sunday once their ban had been lifted. Surprisingly, there were only 157 accidents, with only 32 causing any personal injuries, and just “a handful of these were serious.”

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The following Monday’s rush hour traffic went relatively smoothly all things considered, and the 125 reported traffic accidents were fewer than the typical daily number of 130-198. Many believe that the combination of the perceived risk with a lack of familiarity made motorists more careful than they’d normally be. Within a few years, however, accident rates had returned to normal.

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Generally considered a success, one of Dagen H’s key architects, Minister Olof Palme, exclaimed after the successful roll-out: “Fantastic! Can anyone imagine that the Swedish people experienced a revolution for just a few hours?”

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 6, 2017 9:04 am 
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How Long Can You Expect To Live?

Opinions vary, but if you were born in the United States in the year 1900 and you were a male, you could probably expect to live only to the age of 46. A female born at the same time could expect to live slightly longer until the age of 49.

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Age 46

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Age 49

But if you were born in the 1970s, you can expect to live to about 67.6 years if you are a male, and to about 75.3 years if you are a female.

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Age 67

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Age 76

Modern medicine, better diet, and better living conditions have all helped make these increased years possible.

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The country with the greatest life expectancy for its people is The Netherlands, with an average life span of 75.3 years for both sexes; while the lowest life expectancy is in the African country of Angola, where the average is only 38.5 years!

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Netherlander - Age 75

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Angolan – Age 38

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 7, 2017 8:37 am 
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Remember Pearl Harbor – 7 December 1941

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“I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.” ~ Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto


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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 7, 2017 8:50 am 
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Random Facts About WW2

World War II was the most destructive conflict in history. It cost more money, damaged more property, killed more people, and caused more far-reaching changes than any other war in history. Here are some random facts about this horrible war:

. . . .

 It is estimated that 1.5 million children died during the Holocaust. Approximately 1.2 million of them were Jewish and tens of thousands were Gypsies.

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Children in Auschwitz

The battleship Arizona still rests on the bottom of Pearl Harbor and is still leaking fuel.

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 The Battle of the Bulge is the largest and deadliest battle for U.S. troops to date, with more than 80,000 American deaths.

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 The Enola Gay became well known for dropping the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, but few people know the name of the B-29 that bombed Nagasaki. It was Bock’s Car, named after the plane’s usual commander, Frederick Bock.

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When Japanese Commander Mitsuo Fuchida called out, “Tora! Tora! Tora!” (“Tiger! Tiger! Tiger!”) upon flying over Pearl Harbor, it was a message to the entire Japanese navy telling them they had caught the Americans totally by surprise.

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 Dr. Josef Mengele (the “Angel of Death”) used about 3,000 twins, mostly Romany and Jewish children, for his painful genetic experiments. Only about 200 survived. His experiments included taking one twin’s eyeball and attaching it on the back of the other twin’s head or changing the eye color of children by injecting dye. In one instance, two Romany twins were sewn together in an attempt to create conjoined twins.

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The Angel Of Death and his victims

 Even before WW2 had started Hitler predicted in his book "Mein Kampf" a European War that would exterminate all of the Jews from Germany.

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 The word Holocaust is from the Greek words ""holos" (whole) and "kaustos" (burned)".

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 Hitler viewed the Jewish race as a menial race of people that where below the pure bread German Aryan, this hatred eventually caused Hitler to try to exterminate the Jewish Race in what became known as the Holocaust.

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There were eight battleships at Pearl Harbor on 12/07/1941, which included all the battleships of the U.S. Pacific fleet except for one (the Colorado).

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 The Nazis used "concentration camps" to hold millions of Jewish people where they would work and starve until they where "exterminated" in gas showers using a pesticide called Zyklon-B.

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 As many as 12,000 Jews were killed every day inside these concentration camps.

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 Most of the concentration camps where located in Poland, with the biggest ones being Belzec, Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and the biggest and most notorious of all concentration camps Auschwitz-Birkenau.

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 Auschwitz Concentration Camp is responsible for the killing of over 2 million Jews.

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 Many books and diaries have been published about Jews in Germany during WW2 and how they struggled. The most famous of these was the Diary of Anne Frank. Her diary has been translated into over 60 languages and is taught in schools worldwide.

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 The First Atomic Bomb ever made was created during WW2 by the Americans and was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The bomb in a matter of seconds wiped out 90% of the city and killed 80,000 people. Three days later, another Atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki killing another 40,000.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 8, 2017 8:54 am 
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FDR’s Infamy Speech – Monday, December 8, 1941


ADDRESS BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

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The address delivered by the President of the United States to the joint meeting of the two Houses of Congress held this day is as follows:

* - * - *

”Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.

The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its Government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. Indeed, 1 hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in Oahu, the Japanese Ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to the Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. While this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or armed attack.

It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time the Japanese Government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. Very many American lives have been lost. In addition American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.

Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya.

Last night Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.

Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam.

Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.

Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island.

This morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island.

Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our Nation.

As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.
Always will we remember the character of the onslaught against us.

No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people, in their righteous might, will win through to absolute victory.

I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again.

Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.

With confidence in our armed forces with the unbounded determination of our people we will gain the inevitable triumph so help us God.

I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire.”


* - * - *

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In Depth

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 8, 2017 10:38 pm 
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December 7, 1941 was a Sunday and we (my mom, dad, and sister) were on our way home after attending church. At the time, we lived in Park Hill (Denver). As we were driving east on 23rd Avenue, near City Park Golf Course, my dad was listening to one of his favorites, a band by the name of Blue Baron, when all of a sudden, the announcer interrupted the broadcast to tell about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The next day, Monday, the 8th, there were several oriental kids wearing placards that said "I'm Chinese". Later in the war, FDR decided to intern all the Japanese Americans in concentration camps throughout the western states. The only governor of any of the states to object to this treatment was the governor of Colorado, Ralph W. Carr. He was soundly defeated in the next election.


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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 9, 2017 8:58 am 
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Yes, it was an act full of consequences - both fair and unfair.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Dec 9, 2017 9:03 am 
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Who Is Birute Galdikas?

Birute Galdikas was born in Wiesbaden, Germany, in 1946.

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Birute Galdikas and friend

She also had an interest in animals from an early age and was especially fascinated by orangutans.

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Along with chimps and gorillas, orangutans are humans’ closest living relatives.

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Galdikas’s family moved from Germany to Canada and then to the United States, and Galdikas studied anthropology at UCLA. In 1969, paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey was giving a lecture at the university when Galdikas asked him to sponsor an orangutan research project for her similar to Goodall’s and Fossey’s. He agreed, and in 1971, Galdikas found herself in Camp Leakey in Borneo, Indonesia, one of the orangutans’ last remaining homes.

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Galdikas found the orangutan’s behavior quite different from that of chimps and gorillas.

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The orangutan is not a social animal like the other great apes. They lead solitary lives, except when females are raising their young, and they rarely leave the treetops of their rain forest habitat.

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They eat mostly fruits and also make use of simple tools like twigs to find insects.

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Galdikas often witnessed males fighting each other when a female was present. As they fought, their fleshy cheek pads would expand and their loud screams could be heard a mile away.

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The orangutan is also an endangered species due to human activities. Their rain forest habitats are quickly disappearing, and poachers kill them and capture their babies for zoos.

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Galdikas has also discovered that female orangutans in the wild give birth only once every eight years. This extremely low birthrate also threatens the survival of this species in the wild.

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The work of Galdikas, like that of Goodall and Fossey, is not only important in trying to help our closest relatives survive on Earth.

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It also gives us a close look at how our ancestors lived millions of years ago.

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In Depth

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 Post subject: Weather and climate.
Post Posted: Dec 9, 2017 11:10 pm 
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1) It is still fall and the sunset times are now getting LATER!
2) Jackson Mississippi has had more snow (4.9") than Denver (2.8") this fall.
3) It has snowed exactly THREE days in Denver and only ONE of them had a measurable amount (at least 0.1") snow!
4) Last year even had LESS snow than this year at this time - only 1.7"


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Post Posted: Dec 10, 2017 8:32 am 
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What Is The Biggest Ship In The World?

Huge oil tankers are so big that it can take over 38 minutes just to bring one to a full stop.

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They are bigger than 14 blue whales laid end to end. Fourteen hundred feet long, they are the length of a 130-story building.

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They can carry over one-half million tons of crude oil. That is the weight of 5,453,000 men, each weighing 200 pounds. Each of four largest of these ships carries two complete boilers, rudders, electrical systems, and propellers in case of accident.

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And they do have accidents. Every month, one of these sea monsters scrapes bottom, hits a reef, cracks up with another ship, catches fire, or becomes lost at sea.

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When they have an oil spill, it really is an oil spill…

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And often an environmental disaster.

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The biggest ship in the world before it sank was the Titanic and was called the unsinkable ship.

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The biggest ship in the world in 2009 was the Knock Nevis, which is a Norwegian owned supertanker. It was also known as the Jahre Viking, Seawise Giant, and Happy Giant. Built in 1979, she was damaged during the Iran-Iraq War. The Knock Nevis is 1,503 feet long and 226 feet wide, and has a gross tonnage of 565,000 tons.

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