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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 17, 2018 8:36 am 
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Did Any Of The Presidents Invent Anything And What Device Did Abraham Lincoln Invent?

Abraham Lincoln was granted U.S. Patent No. 6,469 12 years before he became the 16th president. The four-digit patent number is a telling indication of just how long ago that was.

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Abraham Lincoln

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Patent number 6,469

The device was intended to help grounded steamboats get off shoals and sandbars without jettisoning heavy cargo; it involved inflatable chambers designed to float the ship off obstacles.

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It was a promising idea, but was never tested or manufactured except in model form.

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This is the only known patent held by a U.S. president.

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In Depth

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 18, 2018 8:37 am 
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How Do Fish, Whales And Other Marine Mammals Drink Water?

Marine mammals depend primarily on the water content of the food they eat, rather than on drinking sea water.

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Whales, for example, eat mostly shrimp-like krill and fish.

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A high percentage of the body tissue of fish is water.

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Fish body tissue composition

Toothed whales eat larger fish or squid, while the baleen whales, which are larger, take big gulps of sea water and strain the food through the bony baleen structure, an efficient sieve-like mechanism.

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Baleen whale feeding

As for fish, they absorb water through body surfaces. They have gills and membranes that allow a transfer of water osmotically.

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Marine fish must process sea water, which has a higher concentration of salt than fluids within their bodies. They have semipermeable membranes, which allow water in but keep most of the salt out.

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Then the fish must conserve the water they have processed, so they produce a very concentrated urine, expending (excreting) little water in the waste process.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 19, 2018 8:30 am 
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Francisco “Pancho” Villa: Movie Star!

It happened in 1914, during the early days of movies.

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General Francisco “Pancho” Villa

Movie makers wanted real-life pictures for a war movie. They knew that “Pancho” Villa, the Mexican revolutionary leader was about to go to war against the dictator of Mexico. The movie company (Mutual Film Corp.) signed a contract with Villa.

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Villa agreed to fight his war the way the movie director wanted him to. Since the early movie cameras could “shoot” only when there was plenty of sunlight, Villa had to fight his war between the hours of nine in the morning and four in the afternoon. There was to be no fighting at night.

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No fighting after dark

A strange thing happened when the owners of the film company looked at all those battle scenes. They decided that the real-life war looked fake and dull.

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They had to hire actors and photograph the whole thing again in a studio. In the end, the fake looked more real than the real. Villa eventually became provisional governor of the state of Chihuahua.

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The Whole Story

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 19, 2018 1:48 pm 
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Bad Day At The Office

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Post Posted: Sep 20, 2018 8:33 am 
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Where In India Is Sikkim?

Until 1974, one of the world’s least-known countries was Sikkim, a princely state in the Himalaya Mountains, between Nepal, India, Bhutan, and the Tibet region of China.

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The area of Sikkim is just 2,745 square miles. But within this state, the climate ranges from arctic to temperate to tropical as a traveler journeys up or down the lofty Himalayas.

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Gangtok, capitol city of Sikkim

Sonic of the mountains in Sikkim are more than 22,000 feet high, and Sikkim borders on the third highest peak on earth, Kanchenjunga, which is more than 28,000 feet high!

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Mount Kanchenjunga

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Settlers from Tibet gained control of the Sikkim region in the 17th century. The British seized Sikkim in the 19th century and made it part of their Indian Empire.

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The Buddha Park of Ravangla

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A fully organic state

When India gained its independence in 1947, Sikkim remained partly independent. But in 1974, Sikkim became a state of India, and this tiny country in the Himalayas ceased to exist as an independent land.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 21, 2018 8:47 am 
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When Did Michael J. Owens Invent A Machine That Made Glass Bottles?

For 2,000 years, people made bottles by blowing air into a glob of molten glass through a long, thin pipe.

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The hot glass expanded the same way a balloon does. It was slow, difficult work.

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Then, in 1903, a glassblower from West Virginia named Michael J. Owens invented a machine that could do the same thing much faster. In the time it took a man with a pipe to blow 216 bottles, Owens’ machine could make 300,000 bottles.

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Michael J. Owens (1859-1923)

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Owens and his machine

It was the first change in the making of glass in 2,000 years. One of the reasons windows in old houses were so small is that window glass was terribly expensive, it was much cheaper to replace a small pane of glass than a large one. Window glass was expensive because it, too, was made by hand.

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So Owens’ next invention was a machine for making flat glass, the kind used in windows, which is properly called plate glass.

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Without Owens’ plate glass maker, people could not afford to have the big windows found in homes and apartments today.

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Modern windows

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 22, 2018 8:53 am 
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Who Really Reached The North Pole First?

It is widely known that Matthew Alexander Henson was the first man to reach the North Pole.

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Matthew Alexander Henson

He was a member of an exploration team headed by Robert E. Peary, and he was a black man. Henson was 42 years old when, in 1909, he set out with Admiral Peary and four Eskimos for the final leg of the trip that would take them to the pole.

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(Peary took the picture)

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Two Inuit members stand below the flag

Peary had lost eight of his ten toes to the freezing cold and rode most of the way in a dog sled. On the morning of the fifth day, Peary sent Henson and the Eskimos ahead to break a trail to the pole while he followed more slowly.

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Early that afternoon, Henson and his companions reached their goal and gave a cheer. They were the first men to reach the North Pole. Peary arrived later that day, and the men had a brief ceremony marking the event. Peary rushed back to tell the world of his great success.

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Although Henson had worked with him faithfully for 22 years as his valet and assistant, and had twice saved him from certain death, Peary never mentioned the fact that it was Henson, and not he, who had been the first to reach the North Pole.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 22, 2018 10:01 pm 
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And we dont even have the names of the eskimos. Kind of like climbing Everest. How many could do this without the native porters, but we dont hear much about them.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 23, 2018 8:48 am 
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tmjbp wrote:
And we dont even have the names of the eskimos. Kind of like climbing Everest. How many could do this without the native porters, but we dont hear much about them.


So true. :( It's sad that we give them such little praise.

But I looked it up. They were Ootah, Seeglo, Egingwah, and Ooqueah.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 23, 2018 8:53 am 
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How Many Volcanoes On Earth Erupt Every Year?

About 60 volcanoes in the world erupt somewhere on land every year.

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Many others erupt on the ocean floor.

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Underwater volcano erupts off the coast of Tonga

Some underwater volcanoes break the surface of the water.

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About 50 volcanoes have been recorded as erupting in the United States, mainly in Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii, since people started keeping track of such things. Oh, and California has a few too – both active and dormant.

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That makes the United States third in the world in volcanic activity, behind Indonesia and Japan.

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Volcanoes are usually found near tectonic plates that are diverging or converging.

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The Pacific Ring of Fire is a good example an area with volcanoes caused by convergent tectonic plates coming together. The Ring of Fire has about 452 of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes.

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Here are a few beauties:

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Calbuco, Chile

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Katla, Iceland

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Etna, Sicily

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Pinatubo, Philippines

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Kilauea, Hawaii

In Depth

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 23, 2018 9:06 am 
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As long as the Yellowstone Caldera doesn't erupt in our lifetime, we'll be in good shape here in Colorado.

I toured the Colorado volcano at Dotsero with the BLM. The BLM was working with a business to create cinder blocks from the volcano debris.

Dotsero is off I70 and the volcano is on the north side, back a winding, narrow road.


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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 23, 2018 9:31 am 
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TillerBee wrote:
As long as the Yellowstone Caldera doesn't erupt in our lifetime, we'll be in good shape here in Colorado. [...]


We can only hope. :praying:

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