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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 24, 2018 8:34 am 
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Where Is Zero Degrees Latitude And Zero Degrees Longitude (Where The Prime Meridian And Equator Intersect)?

Zero degrees latitude and zero degrees longitude is a point in the Atlantic Ocean, south of the African country of Ghana and west of another African country, Gabon. Or more precisely, about 380 miles (611 kilometers) south of Ghana and 670 miles (1078 km) west of Gabon. This is where the prime meridian and the Equator intersect.

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Zero-Zero

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Null Island

Zero degrees latitude is the equator, the imaginary line which divides our planet into the northern and southern hemispheres.

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Zero degrees longitude is an imaginary vertical line located at Greenwich, England.

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Greenwich was established as the site of the prime meridian by an international conference in 1884, and is the site of the British Royal Greenwich Observatory.

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John Harrison, a self-educated English clockmaker invented the marine chronometer, a key piece in solving the problem of accurately determining longitude at sea.

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John Harrison

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John Harrison’s Marine Chronometer

This revolutionized and extended the possibility of travelling long distances at sea.

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In Depth – John Harrison

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 25, 2018 8:30 am 
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Where Is The Highest Waterfall In The World?

Angel Falls in eastern Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world, with a drop of 3,211 feet (979 m) from Devil Mountain.

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That distance is more than twice the height of the Sears Tower in Chicago, which is 1,450 feet (442 m) high.

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A U.S. pilot named Jimmie Angel discovered the falls by accident while searching for gold in 1935.

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Jimmie Angel

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Angel Falls drops over the edge of the Auyantepui mountain in the Canaima National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site in the Gran Sabana region of Bolívar State, Venezuela.

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The waterfall is so high that before reaching the ground, much of the water is evaporated or carried away as a fine mist by the strong wind.

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The official height of the Angel Falls was determined by a National Geographic Society survey carried out by American journalist Ruth Robertson in 1949.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 25, 2018 10:28 am 
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From the perspective of the photographs, it makes it look like the water falls off the top of a butte. It is difficult to imagine the source of all that water.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 25, 2018 11:21 am 
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keg wrote:
From the perspective of the photographs, it makes it look like the water falls off the top of a butte. It is difficult to imagine the source of all that water.


Yeah, a mind boggler for sure. 8O

Anyway Wikipedia says: "The falls are along a fork of the Rio Kerepacupai Meru which flows into the Churun River, a tributary of the Carrao River, itself a tributary of the Orinoco River."

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 26, 2018 8:30 am 
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Who Was John Dalton and What Were John Dalton’s Most Important Contributions To Science?

The theory of the atom would remain unproven until 1803, when an English scientist presented the proof.

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John Dalton was born in poverty in Eaglesfield, England, in 1766. Both he and his brother were also color-blind.

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He was such a genius at mathematics when he was young that the village allowed him to open up his own school at the age of 12.

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Dalton later became a teacher of mathematics and science at Manchester College, but his first love was meteorology.

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Manchester College

It was his study of Earth’s atmosphere that led to the most important discovery in the history of chemistry, the discovery of the atom.

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Dalton was the first scientist to prove that rain is caused by a decrease in temperature, not a change in atmospheric pressure.

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John Dalton developed chemical symbols in the early 1800s.

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He used these symbols in a table of atomic weights, which made chemistry a truly quantitative, or measurable, science.

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Atomic Weight Table

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Post Posted: Sep 27, 2018 8:27 am 
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Why Is The Comic Opera “The Mikado” Not From Japan?

The English playwrights Gilbert and Sullivan wrote a musical about the emperor of Japan called the Mikado.

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Most people think that the Mikado was the name of the Japanese emperor. The Mikado was actually the name of a door!

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In medieval times, the Japanese were not allowed to say the name of their emperor. Saying his name was considered a sign of disrespect.

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Instead, they called him the Mikado, which means “exalted door” and referred to the doorway to the emperor’s chambers.

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In 1939, a movie by the same name and starring Kenny Baker, Martin Green, Sydney Granville and John Barkley was released in London. It was shot in Technicolor.

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Post Posted: Sep 28, 2018 8:40 am 
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Christine Granville

Christine Granville (aka Maria Krystyna Janina Skarbek) was a beauty queen-turned-spy. Prior to her involvement in World War II, she was a model.

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At the start of the war, Granville became a messenger in Nazi-occupied countries in Europe. Her job was to carry messages through Poland, delivering them to various Allied forces without detection.

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This proved to be a dangerous responsibility. Granville became famous for rescuing soldiers from execution, escaping gunfire, parachuting, sewing knives into the hems of her skirts, fabricating elaborate stories to get out of tight spots, and charming guards and guard dogs alike. One story tells of how she escaped Nazi police forces by biting her tongue and pretending she was dying of tuberculosis.

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She carried a cyanide capsule for suicide and rubber shoes to leave no prints

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She was well armed

Granville also used her beauty as an asset, charming various lovers throughout her lengthy career in espionage. She quickly found the eyes of Winston Churchill, who would later make her a member of his personal espionage unit under the code name “Willing” (a hint at Granville’s sexy and exciting personality).

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It is even rumored that Granville was the inspiration behind the female lead in the James Bond novel Casino Royale.

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Alas, Christine was murdered by a crazy ex-lover in London toward the end of her career.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 29, 2018 8:16 am 
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What Is The Biggest Department Store In The World?

R. H. Macy & Co. at 34th St. and Seventh Ave. in New York City was the world’s largest Department store in 2008.

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It is more commonly known to the American public as Macy’s.

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This giant department store didn’t appear overnight. It started as a tiny “hole in the wall” store on New York’s 14th St. It was Roland H. Macy’s fifth try at running a store. All the others had ended in disaster. Time and again he had gone broke. But he knew he’d succeed if he kept trying.

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Macy was born on the island of Nantucket, Massachusetts, in 1822, and it is doubtful that anybody thought he’d grow up to be a storekeeper.

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His father was a sea captain, and Roland went to sea at the age of 15. He sailed on a whaler to the South Pacific and was gone four years. When he came back, he had $500 in his pocket and a big red star tattooed on his arm.

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The $500 was soon gone. He invested in his first store, which was a failure. The red star is still around. It became the trademark of the great store he finally established in New York City in 1858.

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The company also produces the annual Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City, which has been an annual event since 1924.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 30, 2018 8:32 am 
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Who Was Kennewick Man And Where Did He Come From?

In July 1996, a college student stumbled upon something remarkable on the banks of the Columbia River in Washington State: a human skeleton that was more than 9,000 years old.

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Named Kennewick Man after a nearby town, five tribes in the region claim the skeleton as an ancestor.

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While non-Native scientists made plans to study the bones, these tribes fought in the courts for the right to Kennewick Man, whom they call the Ancient One. To show proper respect for this ancestor, they want to rebury the skeleton using traditional Indian funeral rituals.

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Post Posted: Oct 1, 2018 8:32 am 
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What Is The Largest Religious Structure In The World?

Beginning in the ninth century, the Khmer people ruled a vast empire in Southeast Asia.

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Khmer Empire

The Hindu kings of the Khmers built their sprawling capital at Angkor, in the northern part of what is now the nation of Cambodia. Covering about 40 square miles, Angkor was a great city of palaces and many different temples. It had a population of perhaps 2 million, making it the largest city at that time in all the Orient.

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Angkor Thom

During the 15th century, Angkor was conquered by the Thai people and was abandoned by the Khmers. For centuries it remained deserted.

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Then in 1861 a French explorer accidentally (Wikipedia disagrees) discovered the ancient city of Angkor. Although the city was overgrown with jungle, many of its buildings were still standing!

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The greatest structure at Angkor, and the largest structure in all Asia, was the temple known as Angkor Wat. The walls of this huge temple measured almost one mile on a side. A 1,200-foot-long walk leading to the temple was lined with 54 huge stone figures holding a carved cobra.

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Although it was built in the 12th century, Angkor Wat remains the largest religious structure in the world!

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Post Posted: Oct 2, 2018 8:32 am 
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Who Wrote The Book “The Catcher In The Rye” And When?

The book “The Catcher in the Rye” was written by J. D. Salinger and published in 1951. The novel has become a classic with over 64 million copies sold to date. Even today, 250 thousand copies are sold each year and it has been translated into all major languages. Walk into any decent bookstore, and you will likely find a copy of this book.

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1951

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2010

One reason for the book’s popularity over the years is that the main character Holden Caulfield is one that most teenagers can identify with. Holden Caulfield is portrayed as a cynical and rebellious youth and in many ways, can be seen as increasingly relevant in today’s cultural climate and teenagers grow up in and even more complex social environment. Many of the themes in the novel such as alienation of adolescents have therefore remained timeless.

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Making the Time Magazine list of the 100 best English-language novels in 2005, it has won many other awards. Despite its popularity, the book has been banned by some countries due to the excessive use of profanity and sexuality.

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The title of The Catcher In The Rye is explained in the novel and actually refers to Holden Caulfield himself. “Anyway, I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody’s around–nobody big, I mean–except me. And I’m standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff–I mean if they’re running and they don’t look where they’re going. I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That’s all I’d do all day. I’d just be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it’s crazy, but that’s the only thing I’d really like to be.”

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Illustrating J. D. Salinger’s brilliance, the title of the novel represents the main theme of the book, it being Holden’s deep desire to preserve our childhood innocence that gets hopelessly lost as we grow up in our crazy and phony world of adulthood, full of deceit, corruption and superficial social values. The title of the book is also a reference to the Robert Burns’ 1782 poem, ‘Comin’ Thro the Rye’.

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Since The Catcher In The Rye was published, its author remained a recluse and largely hidden from the public eye. He died of natural causes on January 27, 2010, at his home in Cornish, New Hampshire. Jerome David Salinger was born on New Year’s Day, 1919 in Manhattan, New York.

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Since J. D. Salinger’s death, many rumors have been circulating about the making of a movie based on The Catcher In The Rye. Salinger has been opposed to this proposal since the release of the novel, and it will now depend on who obtains rights to the book.

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Post Posted: Oct 3, 2018 8:28 am 
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Is Uranium Found In Nature?

Uranium is not a man-made substance, but a natural element, just like oxygen, iron, or gold. It is found in much of the earth’s crust, in sea water, and even in the tissues of living things. In fact, there’s more uranium in the earth’s crust than there is silver, mercury, or iodine!

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But uranium is never found in nature in its pure form. Many tons of uranium ore have to be mined to produce just a pound of uranium, and this uranium is not pure, but mixed with oxygen.

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This mixture, or oxide, must then be purified to obtain pure uranium. And then even the uranium has to be purified further before it is the right kind for use in atomic bombs and nuclear power plants. Pure uranium is a white metal, which looks something like steel. It’s very heavy, the heaviest of all natural elements, in fact; a one-foot cube of uranium weighs more than 1,000 pounds!

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Large uranium deposits are found in Canada, Zaire (Africa), Australia, and the western United States. The world’s largest uranium mine is in Namibia, in southwest Africa.

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Uranium mine in Namibia

Man has been using uranium for 2,000 years, but for 1900 of those years, it was used as a pigment in manufacturing glass and painting china, and other harmless applications.

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Today, usage includes the enrichment of uranium for the purpose of building destructive nuclear armaments, thus placing millions of people in harm’s way.

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