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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 13, 2019 8:10 am 
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Alfred Wegener

Alfred Wegener was a German meteorologist and polar explorer whose most widely remembered for first developing the theories of continental drift and plate tectonics.

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He began university in Berlin in 1899, age 18, taking a variety of science classes. He specialized in astronomy, meteorology, and physics. In 1902 he began a PhD degree in astronomy. He spent a year at Berlin’s famous Urania Observatory, whose purpose was (and still is) to bring astronomy to a wider public.

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Urania Observatory

Despite the early time frame of his theory (1912), Wegener's idea that the continents sat on plates that were moving around the planet was not even considered until the 1950s. This notion of movement was ridiculed at first, along with his studies of air movement long before understanding of the jet stream was finalized.

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Pangea

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Fossil evidence

Alfred Wegener proposed the theory of continental drift – the idea that Earth’s continents move. Despite publishing a large body of compelling fossil and rock evidence for his theory between 1912 and 1929, it was rejected by most other scientists. It was only in the 1960s that continental drift finally became part of mainstream science.

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He died in November 1930 when he was on his fourth trip to Greenland.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 14, 2019 8:37 am 
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Spitting In Self-Defense

The llama is the animal which defends itself by spitting.

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Llamas spit bad-smelling saliva through their teeth when they are angry or annoyed, and also to protect themselves. They are said to have great accuracy in spitting.

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The camel, which belongs to the same family as the llama, also possesses this trait. Both camels and llamas have spit on people who tease them in zoos – not a very pleasant experience!

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The llama is native to South America and has been domesticated by the South American Indians for centuries. Male llamas are used as beasts of burden, especially in the Andes Mountains.

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Like camels, llamas are also known as stubborn animals.

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If a llama feels it is working too hard or carrying a pack which is too heavy, it will lie down, curl its front legs under its body, and refuse to move.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 14, 2019 9:12 am 
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Re: Alfred Wegener, I didn't realize his information had already been acknowledged before the 1970s. I asked a teacher in middle school if South America and Africa had been connected, they were such obvious puzzle pieces. She said that it was impossible. It hadn't made text books, yet.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 14, 2019 10:45 am 
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aspenleaf wrote:
Re: Alfred Wegener, I didn't realize his information had already been acknowledged before the 1970s. I asked a teacher in middle school if South America and Africa had been connected, they were such obvious puzzle pieces. She said that it was impossible. It hadn't made text books, yet.

I suppose the word was slow to get out, and the teacher was just repeating what she had been told all life long.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 15, 2019 7:44 am 
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One Of Billy The Kid’s Gang Members Became A Marshal

Henry Newton Brown arrived in Caldwell, Kansas, in 1882.

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Henry Newton Brown

He applied for a job as assistant city marshal. At the time, Caldwell was a very rough place for a lawman, and the town fathers were glad to have someone apply for the job.

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Caldwell, Kansas

The newspaper editor wrote that Brown was going to make a great lawman, but he never put into print what many in the town already knew, that Henry Newton Brown had been a member of Billy the Kid’s gang. Brown was a good law officer.

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He did his job and soon was named to the top job of marshal. The town was so proud of its top cop, that on January 1, 1883, it presented him with an expensive rifle that had a plaque on its stock that told of how much the folks all appreciated him. Brown used the rifle later that year to kill a gambler who seemed determined to kill off the Caldwell police force.

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Plaque

A year later, Brown got married, and shortly afterward he asked for a few days off to capture an outlaw, a job for which he could collect some extra money. He was after extra money, but he had a different plan. Brown and three companions went to the town of Medicine Lodge and tried to hold up a bank.

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They were all killed by an angry lynch mob.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 16, 2019 8:13 am 
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How Fast Did Old West Wagon Trains Travel?

Covered wagon trains in the old West could travel one to two miles per hour.

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Or the equivalent of a youngster’s walking speed.

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They could go about a hundred miles in a seven-day week of travel.

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But many devout people refused to travel on Sunday, slowing them down even further.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 17, 2019 7:23 am 
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Historically Awesome Conflagrations

The 1666 London fire burned four-fifths of the city and an additional 63 acres outside the city walls.

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The London fire burned longer than Chicago’s 1871 fire, covered more land, and wreaked more architectural devastation: London’s Guildhall, the Custom House, the Royal Exchange, and beautiful St. Paul’s Cathedral.

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London 1666 - St. Paul’s Cathedral burns

Still, the Chicago fire was worse in some ways, including lives lost. It’s reported that only 16 people died in the London fire because it burned slowly and gave enough warning for most people to escape.

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Chicago

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London

The fast-moving Chicago fire claimed between 250 and 300 lives and leveled several Chicago neighborhoods—a total of 2,150 acres in less than two days. Both great fires caused mass devastation with few rewards, save an architectural revitalization following the blaze and a good story about a cow.

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Chicago – Mrs O’Leary’s cow

One irrefutable bright spot came on the heels of the Great London Fire: After hundreds of years of periodic devastation, the Black Plague was finally wiped out. It had resurfaced again two years prior to the blaze, in 1664.

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However, after the fire, incidences suddenly declined and fizzled out, never to resurface again.

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It’s believed that because the fire burnt everything to the ground, it took with it the old, damp breeding grounds of the plague rats, saving literally thousands of human lives in the long run.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 18, 2019 7:40 am 
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Tallest U.S. Mountains

Mount McKinley, also called Denali, in Alaska is the tallest mountain in the United States, at 20,320 feet (6,193 m).

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On a clear day the peak can be seen from as far as 250 miles (402 km) away.

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The next 16 highest peaks in the United States also are in Alaska. Among them are:

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Number 18 is Mount Whitney in California, at 14,494 feet (4,417 m).

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Mt. Whitney

The next three highest U.S. mountains are in Colorado, Mount Elbert (14,433 feet/4,400 m), Mount Massive (14,421 feet/4,395 m), and Mount Harvard (14,420 feet/4,395 m).

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Mt. Elbert, Mt. Massive, Mt, Harvard

Hawaii’s Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world, 33,480 feet (10,314 m), if measured from its base on the ocean floor to its peak. Traditionally, though, mountains are measured based on their height above sea level.

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Mauna Kea

Thus, Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain above sea level, at 29,035 feet (8,850 m).

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Mt. Everest

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 19, 2019 8:27 am 
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The Biggest Eats The Smallest

The whale is the world’s largest animal, yet it feeds on some of the sea’s smallest creatures, plankton, tiny ocean plants and animals that drift in the sea.

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There are two kinds of whales: toothed whales (with teeth) and baleen whales (without teeth).

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With and without teeth

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Toothed whales eat fish, squid, and other sea animals. They use their teeth to capture their prey. They do not chew them with their teeth, but rather swallow them whole.

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Baleen whales, however, have hundreds of small plates, or sheets, hanging from their upper jaw instead of teeth.

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These plates, called baleen, are made of the same flexible material as your fingernails. What the baleen does is to serve as a filter to strain out the tiny food particles in the sea as the whale swims into the mass of plankton with its mouth open.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 20, 2019 7:57 am 
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How Big Is The Hawaiian Archipelago?

Hawaii consists of 137 islands, most of which are very small and uninhabited.

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Hawaiian Archipelago

Their combined lands spread over 6,423 square miles (16,700 sq km) of the North Pacific Ocean.

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The eight major Hawaiian islands are all volcanic in origin. Several volcanoes on the islands are active today.

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The Hawaiian archipelago takes its name from the largest island in the cluster, and was once known as the “Sandwich Islands”.

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The Hawaiian Island archipelago is the most isolated grouping of islands on earth, and is about 1,860 miles from the nearest continent.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 20, 2019 8:30 am 
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Still considered a volcanic hot spot? So very cool!

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Sep 20, 2019 10:08 am 
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aspenleaf wrote:
Still considered a volcanic hot spot? So very cool!

To all but Hawaii residents, anyway. Kilauea caused a lot of evacuations last year.

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