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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 12, 2019 5:36 pm 
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Actually, the economic situation was improving until about 1938 when the unemployment situation took a large hit. Just about that time, guess what?? WWII commenced and, even though the USA wasn't directly involved until 1941, the efforts we made to support Great Britain, France etc, plus gin up our own military forces put an abrupt end to the Depression. So, it took WWII to provide the economic stimulus, not any "planned" efforts on the part of the government.


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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 13, 2019 8:20 am 
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Cabinguy wrote:
Actually, the economic situation was improving until about 1938 when the unemployment situation took a large hit. Just about that time, guess what?? WWII commenced and, even though the USA wasn't directly involved until 1941, the efforts we made to support Great Britain, France etc, plus gin up our own military forces put an abrupt end to the Depression. So, it took WWII to provide the economic stimulus, not any "planned" efforts on the part of the government.

I would venture to guess that it was a combination of things that ended the depression. The New Deal certainly helped lessen the unemployment problem while the war in Europe almost single-handedly re-enforced this and assured that America's industrial might would emerge and indeed prevail to this day.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 13, 2019 8:32 am 
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Who Was The Youngest Pope?

That would be Benedict IX. He came to the throne in 1032 at the age of 12. Or maybe he was in his early 20s or at least he was when he was deposed by force—accounts differ. Sources do agree that he was probably in his 30s the second (or third) time he became pope. And it’s too bad he died relatively young, since the money he made selling the office of Pope to the highest bidder would probably have given him quite a nest egg for retirement.

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Pope Benedict IX

Benedict IX led a scandalous life in and out of the Papacy. He was even rumored to be a corrupt homosexual and was not exactly beloved.

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Benedict soon earned a reputation as a disastrous pontiff, even by the standards of his corrupt predecessors. He became known for his immoral and lecherous behavior, even engaging in violent orgies in the Lateran Palace.

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Lateran Palace

Eventually, his behavior got so out of control that a monk, St. Peter Damian, decided to write a book unfavorably contrasting Benedict’s Rome with the biblical Gomorrah and came to the conclusion that sex itself was evil. Damian even called Benedict out by name, referring to him as “a demon from hell in the guise of a priest.”

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No wonder Benedict IX decided to stick it to all of them, resigning in 1045 — and becoming the first man in history to sell the Papacy.

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The buyer: the priest John Gratian (Pope Gregory VI). Benedict IX later refused to face charges of simony (the act of selling church offices and roles) and was excommunicated.

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Pope Gregory VI

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 14, 2019 9:01 am 
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Tornadoes

Facts

Other names for tornado include twister, cyclone, and funnel.

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Twister, Cyclone, Funnel

In order for a vortex of wind to be officially called a tornado it must touch the ground.

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Not quite a tornado yet

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Officially, a tornado

More tornadoes touch down in the United States than any other country, over 1,000 per year.

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The fastest winds on Earth occur inside tornadoes.

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Don't plan on outrunning a tornado, the average tornado travels at a speed of 30 miles per hour, but some can move at speeds up to 70 miles per hour.

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Myths

1. All tornadoes are visible as they approach:

Some people wait to see a tornado to believe it, but this is very dangerous because sometimes the funnel of a tornado will not be visible. Atmospheric conditions are important to form a tornado, not visible clouds.

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2. Tornadoes form only on flat land:

Some believe certain areas by rivers, mountains, valleys, tall buildings or other geographical or man-made features are protected from tornadoes, but the truth is tornadoes can form almost anywhere if the right ingredients come together. While certain geographic areas are more prone to tornadoes than others, tornadoes are not impeded by bodies of water or mountains and they can certainly impact large cities.

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3. You can out-drive a tornado:

Do not try to outdrive a tornado, as they can travel well over 60 mph, and cars can easily be lifted or blown over by the storm.

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4. The best protection from a tornado while in the car is hiding under an overpass.

Hiding under an overpass will put you more at risk. The structure may not be stable and increases your risk of being hit by flying debris.

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5. The tornado itself is the deadliest aspect of the storm.

The most dangerous aspect of a tornado is the flying debris that could hit you.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 14, 2019 9:48 am 
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While Texas has the most tornadoes I was curious which state had the most per square mile.

Kansas is the winner.

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Which state has the most tornadoes per square mile?

Author: Nathan Gogo
Published: 7:04 PM CDT June 7, 2017
Updated: 7:04 PM CDT June 7, 2017

The answer is... Kansas.

Yes, Texas averages the most tornadoes each year according to the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with 155 for the Lone Star State. However, the second highest number of tornadoes on average occurs in Kansas with 96 on average per year. However, because Texas is over 3 times the size of of Kansas, the title for the most tornadoes per square mile in the United States goes to Kansas.

https://www.kvue.com/article/weather/wh ... /446664147

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 14, 2019 11:36 am 
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That honor can change occasionally. Florida has a greater number but the great majority are weak.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 15, 2019 8:25 am 
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Dorie Miller

His name was Doris, but he was a powerfully built football fullback, a heavyweight boxer, and the first black American hero of World War II.

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Doris “Dorie” Miller

He distinguished himself during the Japanese sneak attack against Hawaii on Sunday, December 7, 1941, and gave his life for his country two years later. Poems and songs were written about him, a Navy ship was named in his honor, and he was memorialized at the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor.

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U.S.S. Dorie Miller

After a childhood of farming and football in Waco, Texas, nineteenyear- old Doris “Dorie” Miller enlisted in the navy in 1939 to see the world and send money home to his family.

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He joined as a mess attendant, one of the few positions open to African Americans at the time. Serving on the battleship USS West Virginia, anchored in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Miller was doing laundry rounds on the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Japanese attacked.

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He went on deck to help the wounded to safety, including the captain and executive officer. He then manned a .50 mm machine gun, which he had not been trained to use, and fired at enemy planes until ordered to abandon the burning bridge.

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt personally ordered that Miller be awarded the Navy Cross, the navy’s second-highest award, in 1942.

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Awarded the Navy Cross

Promoted and reassigned to sea, Miller was one of the 644 men lost when the escort carrier Liscome Bay sank in 1943 during the battle for Makin Island, in the Pacific.

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U.S.S. Liscome Bay explodes

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 16, 2019 8:20 am 
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How Do Automobile Engines Work?

Most cars on the road today are powered by an internal combustion engine. This engine contains a number of hollow chambers, called cylinders, and each chamber has a large metal plug, a piston, that moves up and down in its cylinder.

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Gasoline and air mix in the cylinder. As a piston moves upward in its cylinder, it compresses the air and gas mixture, and a spark from the spark plug ignites the mixture. The burning, or combustion, of the mixture increases the pressure on the top of the piston, forcing it down the cylinder again. Then the piston bounces back up into the cylinder, compressing the new supply of gas and air, and the process starts all over again.

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Each time the piston moves down through the cylinder, it turns a shaft in the engine, which then turns another shaft attached to the gears (transmission). The gears turn the rear axle, and the axle turns the rear wheels.

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All car engines today have from four to eight cylinders, but one engine some time ago had 16 cylinders!

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16-cylinder monster engine

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 17, 2019 8:55 am 
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Did Penguins Ever Fly?

Yes they did. But they lost that ability eons ago. Today, scientists may have finally figured out why. A recent study suggests that getting off the ground eventually just took too much effort for birds that were becoming expert swimmers.

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A popular theory of biomechanics suggests that the birds' once-flight-adapted wings simply became more and more efficient for swimming and eventually lost their ability to get penguins off the ground.

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There are several hypotheses; The most accepted is that penguin ancestors increasingly adapted to the marine environment, where they found a large amount of food.

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Over the years, their swimming and diving necessities brought them structural changes, since they were no longer needed to fly for food; their wings were shortened and became flap-shaped, and its feather coat became dense. Like the ostrich and the emu, penguins slowly evolved into flightlessness.

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The evolution of modern penguins took place over the course of millions of years.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 17, 2019 4:02 pm 
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Henry, please provide difference between llamas and alpacas.
BTW, as a child, I had the "pleasure" of living in Texas, Kansas and Nebraska. Talk about PTSD!!!

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 17, 2019 4:22 pm 
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I was in one in Oklahoma.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: May 17, 2019 5:28 pm 
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DP, only ONE?? Lucky you!

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