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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Oct 31, 2019 8:38 am 
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Happy Halloween 2019!

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Oct 31, 2019 8:42 am 
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New Moore/South Talpatti Island

Global Warming helped settle a land dispute between India and Bangladesh.

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The area in question was New Moore (as named by India), or South Talpatti (as named by Bangladesh).

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New Moore/South Talpatti Island

But the island drowned because of global warming in 2010.

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No land left, no dispute left.

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Before and After


In Depth

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 1, 2019 8:54 am 
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Who Discovered X-Rays?

X-rays are a part of the electromagnetic spectrum, falling somewhere between the frequencies of visible light and gamma rays.

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If you have ever had an X-ray as part of a medical checkup, you owe thanks to Wilhelm Roentgen. Medical X-rays have been one of the most powerful, useful, and life-saving diagnostic tools ever developed. X-rays were the first noninvasive technique developed to allow doctors to see inside the body. X-rays led to the more modern MRI and CT technologies.

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Chemists have used X-rays to understand and decipher the structure of complex molecules (such as penicillin) and to better understand the electromagnetic spectrum. The discovery of X-rays earned Roentgen the 1901 Nobel Prize in physics.

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In 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen was just a 40-something academic professor at the University of Wurzburg, Germany, doing ho-hum research into the effects of passing electricity through gas-filled bottles. In November of that year he began experiments in his home basement lab with a Crookes’ tube (a device that amplified an electrical signal by passing it through a vacuum).

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On November 8, he happened to notice that a photographic plate that had been wrapped in black paper and tucked inside a leather case in the bottom drawer of his desk had mysteriously been exposed and imprinted with the image of a key. The only key in the room was an oversized key for a garden gate he had tossed into the desk’s center drawer over a year ago. The image on his photographic plate was of that key.

** Image of key unavailable **

He later made and published the first ever x-ray image of his wife’s hand.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 2, 2019 8:37 am 
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** Topic Revisit **




Lassie

The original Lassie that starred in the 1943 movie “Lassie Come Home” was a Rough Collie named Pal and was owned by a dog trainer named Rudd Weatherwax.

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Rough Collie

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Rudd Weatherwax with Lassie “Pal”

The Rough Collie, also known as a Long haired Collie, is a breed of dog developed originally for herding in Scotland.

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Sheep-herding Collie

Weatherwax had been training Pal for his owner when the owner confided that he didn’t have the funds to pay for the schooling. Weatherwax kept the dog as payment, trained him to act, and auditioned him at the studio. Unfortunately, Pal’s white nose streak wasn’t up to snuff in breeding circles, so he was cut, although Weatherwax convinced them to keep the dog on as a stunt dog.

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Lassie “Pal” audition

One day, Pal’s chance to break into the big time arrived. The dog cast in the role of Lassie, an uppity AKC-show-quality collie, refused to perform. She was supposed to swim across a raging river and collapse, near-dead, on the other side. Pal, coaxed only a little by Weatherwax, saw his opportunity and leaped into the rushing waters.

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On set

The director, Fred M. Wilcox, remarked, “Pal may have gone into the water, but it was Lassie that came out!” Pal got the job, and the rest is history.

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Pal was perfect in every sense of the word, he was brilliant in front of the camera, and America fell in love with him onscreen. But like all actors, Pal eventually aged and wasn’t able to fulfill his duties on the set.

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What was Weatherwax going to do? There wasn’t just a need for Lassie on the screen, Lassie appearances were raking in big bucks, and this was before the TV show had even begun. Finding several dogs that looked like Lassie was a tall order. AKC show collies lacked the white facial markings and “socks” that Pal sported; there wasn’t a large pool of less-than-ideal purebred collies to choose from.

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Weatherwax decided his best bet was to sire out Pal in the hopes of coming up with at least some pups that had his distinctive markings, coloring, and build. In the long run, it worked. By the time the TV show hit the airwaves, Weatherwax had seven dogs available to play the role of Lassie.

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Although Lassie’s supposedly a female, all seven were male; all were related in some way to the original Pal and had, for the most part, similar markings. For those that weren’t perfect?

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A little bleach and sock coverings helped hide the imperfections from the camera. Lassie appearances all over the country still rake in the dough for the Weatherwax family. Lassie lives, my friend, even if she’s a distant male descendant of the original.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 3, 2019 8:38 am 
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Ironworkers

“Youth is number one,” says John Kelly, coordinator of the Joint Apprenticeship and Trainee Committee of Ironworkers Locals 40 and 361 in New York.

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“Adventure is number two. And it used to be a hand-me-down, father-to-son business. Or you’d be hanging around on the street like a bum and someone would say, ‘Why don’t you do this?’ And when you were young you’d say, ‘Gee, this is great work.’ It’s lovely up there. You’re by yourself, or with your partner, it’s like being up in a balloon. It’s an interesting way to make a good buck. And later you could look at the skyscrapers around town and say, ‘I worked on that’ or ‘I helped build that.”

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It might be breeding, youth, good paychecks or pure guts that gets steelworkers and bridge painters comfortable at such great heights, but it isn’t training.

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Apprentice school teaches safety and ironworking skills; the walking is up to the novice. An apprentice steelworker (more commonly called an ironworker) in New York City starts low, as low as twelve feet off the ground, working on the first floor of a building. Usually he’s eighteen or twenty years old and cocky as they come. He looks forward to $27.50 an hour if he can advance to journeyman.

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Journeymen

If he’s sure of his footing, he’ll walk the five or ten-inch-wide beams right off the bat. If he’s shaky, he’ll sit down, straddle the beam and monkey his way across. He sees experienced journeymen moving with ease around and above him. He notices that they watch the beam ahead of them and don’t look farther (that is, lower) than their feet.

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Walking the beam

Although most are extremely careful, some of the old pros will take unnecessary chances, actually jumping from beam to beam rather than taking the longer way around. When the apprentice thinks he’s ready, he moves up and begins to work where high winds and dangling steel beams are a constant hazard.

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Up until ten years ago, the unions lost up to six men a year on the job, some falling twenty or thirty stories to their deaths. Today, government standards and collective-bargaining agreements in New York City have considerably improved the working conditions, and fatalities have decreased. For example, every two floors of a building under construction must be solidly planked or decked over.

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Planking

If an ironworker happens to fall into, rather than out of the structure, he has only two-dozen feet to drop. Carelessness on the ground is more often the cause of accidents now: men have been hit by cars while setting up cones, and have fallen off ladders.

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For the painters, nets are hung under the bridges to stop a fall. You can imagine how grateful certain men have been for the union efforts to get the nets, plenty have experienced a fall that at one time would have meant sure death.

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Despite such safety measures the work remains perilous. When you see a steelworker hammering a bolt into the outside skeleton beams at five hundred feet or more, standing there as if he were working on the bathroom closet, he could just as easily fall outside the building as inside. The bottom line is he’s being careful.

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Be careful!

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 3, 2019 8:57 am 
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Daylight saving time 2019 in Colorado began at 2:00 AM on

Sunday March 10

and ended at 2:00 AM on

Sunday November 3

(All times are in Mountain Time.)

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Post Posted: Nov 4, 2019 9:25 am 
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Kincade Fire

Firefighters continued to make progress in controlling the Kincade Fire overnight Friday, with the Sonoma County blaze that once threatened thousands of homes 74 percent contained, as of this weekend.

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The fire, which sparked and explosively grew on a windy night a week and a half ago in the mountains east of Geyserville, did not grow Friday night or during the day Saturday, according to Cal Fire.

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The blaze has consumed just under 78,000 acres, or about 122 square miles, and destroyed 372 structures, of which 175 were homes and 11 were businesses. Parts of Sonoma County east of Healdsburg and Windsor remain under mandatory evacuation orders.

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Authorities have begun letting people back into some areas that were burned in the fire, though they are giving residents extensive warnings to wear protective gear and be aware of potentially hazardous chemicals.

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Post Posted: Nov 5, 2019 9:25 am 
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Before And After

Those of us that have been around for a while will recognize many of our favorite and talented actors. But, as with all of us, aging ignores no one:

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Shelley Long

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Tom Hanks

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Henry Winkler

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Mary Steenburgen

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William Shatner

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Shelley Duvall

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Ted Danson

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Woody Harrelson

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Kelsey Grammer

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Meg Ryan

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Christopher Lloyd

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Post Posted: Nov 6, 2019 9:30 am 
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Who Inspired Louis Braille To Invent His Reading/Writing System?

Louis Braille is a hero to millions of blind people all over the world, but not many people know that we also have Napoleon Bonaparte to thank for the invention of Braille.

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Louis Braille

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Napoleon Bonaparte

Braille is a system of raised dots that can be read using touch alone. Before it was invented, there were a few books produced to teach blind people to read using embossed letters, but they were difficult and expensive to produce.

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Louis Braille, who’d been blind since he was three, read some of these books when he was sent to the Royal Institute for Blind Youth in Paris. While he was there an army officer, Charles Barbier, visited the Institute and demonstrated an invention that he called ‘night writing’.

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Charles Barbier

French general Napoleon Bonaparte had had the idea of a code that could be read at night and challenged his army to invent one. So Barbier had come up with a system that allowed soldiers to communicate silently and in total darkness using a system of raised dots to represent the alphabet. Unfortunately, Barbier’s night writing was so complicated that none of the soldiers had been able to learn it.

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Napoleon wanted a code

Although Louis Braille was just 11 years old at the time, he saw the potential of Barbier’s dot system straight away. He spent the next six years simplifying it and in 1821 came up with an alphabet of raised dots arranged in rectangles that could be read quickly and easily.

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Visually-impaired geniuses include Horatio Nelson (British admiral), David Blunkett (UK politician), Eduard Degas and Claude Monet (French painters), Stevie Wonder and Ray Charles (US singer/songwriters), and Cupid/Eros (Roman/Greek god of love).

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Post Posted: Nov 7, 2019 9:53 am 
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Dave Thomas

Even more than a decade after his death, Wendy's founder Dave Thomas' name still resonates with people.

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Maybe it's the fact that he truly lived the American dream of working his way to the top from humble beginnings. One of his is first jobs paid him $35 per week, but he built a company in Wendy's that was sold for $2.34 billion in 2008.

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Thomas was born on July 2,1932 in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He spent most of childhood with his grandmother who taught him to be good to others and the significance of respect and good service to others. These lessons proved very useful to him later on in life.

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At 15, he started living with his father and started a part-time job in Fort Wayne at “Hobby House Restaurant” while he went to high school. After some time he dropped out of school to work full-time at the job. He completed his high school graduation in 1993.

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In the 1950s, Thomas met his mentor, Colonel Harland Sanders, founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC). Sanders impressed him with a commitment to quality fast food and a talent for salesmanship. In 1962, Thomas was asked to turn around four KFC carry-outs that he owned. If Thomas could take over the management of these outlets and make them solvent, 45 percent of the ownership of those restaurants would be his.

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Thomas took on the challenge and quickly recognized the stores were failing largely because of the intimidating, 100-item menu, which was confusing to the customers. He reduced the menu to mostly chicken and introduced the distinctive rotating bucket of chicken sign. In 1968, Thomas sold his share of the franchises back to the Kentucky Fried Chicken Corporation for more than $1.5 million.

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Thomas wanted his own restaurant, so he moved his family to Columbus, Ohio. After complaining that he couldn't find a good hamburger in Columbus, Thomas decided to open his own restaurant. On November 15, 1969, he opened the first Wendy's restaurant, named for his eight-year-old daughter, Melinda Lou, known as Wendy. She was the youngest of his five children with his wife Lorraine, whom he married in 1956. Known for its square hamburgers and choice of toppings, Wendy's quickly caught on and within less than a decade grew into a franchise of 1,000 stores.

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Dave Thomas died of a cancerous tumor in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, on January 8, 2002. He was 69 years old.

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Post Posted: Nov 8, 2019 9:16 am 
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Apartments

We think of apartment buildings as modern inventions. But there were many apartment buildings in ancient Rome, more than 2,000 years ago! Roman apartment buildings often rose to a height of five or six stories.

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The Romans called these buildings “islands.” Perhaps the Romans could have built their apartments higher, but the Emperor Augustus declared that no building could be more than 70 feet high, for he feared that a higher building might collapse.

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Today, apartments on higher floors are usually considered the most desirable. But in Roman times, the best apartments were on the ground floor, because water pipes usually did not reach any higher than that!

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The tallest apartment building is Chicago’s Lake Point Towers, which has 70 stories and is 645 feet high!

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 8, 2019 8:01 pm 
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Henry wrote:
New Moore/South Talpatti Island

Global Warming helped settle a land dispute between India and Bangladesh.

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The area in question was New Moore (as named by India), or South Talpatti (as named by Bangladesh).

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New Moore/South Talpatti Island

But the island drowned because of global warming in 2010.

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No land left, no dispute left.

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Before and After


In Depth


If that's true the Maldives are building several new underwater airports.

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