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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 25, 2019 8:15 am 
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The Gestapo

The Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo, was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.

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The force was created by Hermann Göring in 1933 by combining the various security police agencies of Prussia into one organization.

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Hermann Guering

The Gestapo formed an important part of the extensive Nazi police organization. It was responsible for combating counter-espionage and criminal actions against both the State and the Nazi Party.

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As such it was a vital component both in Nazi repression and the Holocaust. This police force was unlike others in that it answered to no judicial or legal oversight. It could carry out particularly ruthless actions without fear of any civilian repercussions.

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Owing to its relatively small size—approximately 32,000 personnel at the end of 1944—the Gestapo relied extensively on the use of denunciations from among the local German populace in order to conduct its investigations.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 26, 2019 7:59 am 
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Iconic Images

They say a picture is worth a thousand words. Some pictures, however, are worth much more than that. I’m talking about the iconic pictures that nearly everyone recognizes and will forever be etched into our shared history. Here are but a few:

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 26, 2019 2:45 pm 
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Henry, while I recognize most of those, the picture of the falling woman and child is unknown to me, and very startling and disturbing. Do you have any more info on the story of that picture?

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 26, 2019 4:35 pm 
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Keg;

I'll have to do some research tomorrow. All I know for the moment is that they were on their fire escape sunning or something when it suddenly collapsed. Fate of mother and child is unknown at the moment. I'll make sure I look it up in the morning.

Henry

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 27, 2019 7:51 am 
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About Central America And The Caribbean

There once was a country called Central America. Today it is divided up into Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica.

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The Panama Canal allows ships to cross Central America from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. The canal is a manmade construction that traverses 50 miles across the country of Panama.

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Central America was home to the Mayan Civilization, one of the great civilizations of the historic world.

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The largest country by population in Central America is Guatemala (14.3 million 2013 estimate). The largest in the Caribbean is Cuba (11.1 million 2013 estimate).

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Guatemala

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Cuba

The Caribbean contains around 8% of the world's coral reefs (by surface area).

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 27, 2019 7:58 am 
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keg;

As promised. The mother died of head wounds. The baby survived.

Henry

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 27, 2019 9:11 am 
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Thank you, Henry. What a powerful and sobering photograph.

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 27, 2019 8:19 pm 
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Tonight we have gusty winds and periodic white outs as the snow rearranges.
That could make some interesting road conditions in the morning if you are headed
out for the holiday. Everyone take care and have a Happy Thanksgiving.
Mrs. BGR

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 28, 2019 8:15 am 
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Roller Coasters

If your favorite entertainment is plunging down a 97-degree incline at over 200 km/h, you’d probably like to thank the inventor of the roller coaster.

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People managed to find ways of terrifying themselves at high speeds long before roller coasters. In the 1700s the Russians built steep icy hills that people slid down on seats made of wood or ice. Later, wheels were attached. They didn’t have many safety features. Modern-day roller coasters began in the USA.

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A steep 14-km switchback railway track used for delivering coal in Pennsylvania was built in 1827. People paid 50 cents each to ride on it.

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La Marcus Adna Thompson created a ‘Switchback Railway’ in 1884 as an amusement ride. It wasn’t wildly exciting but it was the first roller coaster.

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Rides soon became popular and new and better roller coasters were built, including the first one that formed a circuit, built by Charles Alcoke.

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One of the first roller coasters to loop the loop was the Flip Flap, opened in Brooklyn in 1895. It was extremely dangerous so it was soon dismantled.

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Wooden roller coasters appeared all over the world in the early 20th century. By 1959 the first steel track was used in Disneyland’s Matterhorn Bobsleds and 80 years after the disastrous Flip Flap, the Corkscrew safely looped the loop at Knott’s Berry Farm, California.

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Matterhorn Bobsleds

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Corkscrew

Kingda Ka in New Jersey, opened in 2005, is the world’s fastest roller coaster at 206 km/h and has the longest drop: 127 m.

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Kingda Ka

The oldest roller coaster that still works is Leap the Dips at Lakemont Park, dry Pennsylvania. It first opened in 1902. In some languages, the word for ‘roller coaster’ translates as ‘Russian mountain’, remembering the invention’s ice-slide origins.

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Leap the Dips

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 28, 2019 8:50 am 
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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 28, 2019 10:02 am 
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Back at ya, Henry!
BGRs

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 Post subject: Re: Interesting Facts
Post Posted: Nov 29, 2019 8:08 am 
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Hot Off The Press

If it wasn’t for printing, a scribe would have to copy out this entire book word for word. There wouldn’t be many copies and they’d cost a bundle.

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One of the earliest surviving printed books is a Buddhist text, written in Chinese and dating back to AD 848. It was printed using wooden blocks which had the words and illustrations carved into them.

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In the 11th century the Chinese invented a new way of printing, using moveable raised letters made, firstly, from clay, but later wood and then metal. These letters could be moved into place, inked, then stamped on to paper, as many copies as were needed. The only time-consuming bit was putting the letters and words in the right order in the first place.

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But the printing invention that really changed the world was the printing press, invented by Johannes Gutenberg in Germany in 1440. It wasn’t based on the Chinese invention but on olive- and wine-presses and it was so good that for more than 300 years hardly any changes were needed. More efficient versions were made after the industrial revolution, but still they used the same basic design.

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The printing press created a revolution: for the first time, ideas and information could be easily communicated to lots of people much more cheaply than ever before. More people learned to read as a result.

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Stop the press! The printing press led to the development of different kinds of printed material: the first newspaper was published in Germany in 1605; the first magazine appeared in London in 1731. It was called The Gentleman’s Magazine and it ran for over 170 years.

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In Depth

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